In mental health terms, a crisis refers not to a traumatic event or experience, but to how an individual responds to the situation, the events that trigger this crisis can run the gamut of life experience, from developmental hurdles. (such as going through puberty) to natural disasters to the death of a loved one.
Crisis counselling can help individuals deal with the crisis by offering assistance and support.
Elements of crisis counselling
Crisis counselling is intented to be quite brief, generally lasting for a period of no longer than a few weeks.
It is important to note that crisis counseling is not psychotherapy. Crisis intervention is focused on minimizing the stress of the event, providing emotional support and improving the individual’s coping strategies in the here and now.
Like psychotherapy, crisis counseling involves assessment, planning and treatment, but the scope of is generally much more specific. While psychotherapy focuses on a wide range of information and history, crisis assessment and treatment focuses on the client’s immediate situation including factors such as safety and immediate needs.
While there are a number of different treatment models, there are a number of common elements consistent among the various theories of crisis counseling.